Glossary infobadge

This glossary contains a number of definitions  from the following publication:
J. M. Cock; Tessmar-Raible, K.; Boyen, C.; Viard, F. (Eds.), Introduction to Marine Genomics, vol. 1, 1st ed., Advances in Marine Genomics Vol. (Springer, 2010). Available from: http://www.springer.com/life+sciences/ecology/book/978-90-481-8616-7?cm_mmc=Google-_-Book%20Search-_-Springer-_-0

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Term Definition
Accession number

An identifier supplied by the curators of the major biological databases upon submission of a novel entry (usually sequence data) that uniquely identifies that database entry.


This technique produces DNA fragments that are separated by size (length of sequence) using polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis or capillary sequencers. Bands at a particular site on the gel (equivalent to alleles) are counted as being present or absent for the analysis.


All photosynthetic eukaryotes other than land plants.

Algal bloom

Rapid multiplication of one or a small number of algal species. In some cases the algae are toxic.


Overview of both differences and similarities between two or more DNA, RNA or protein sequences created by aligning residues that are putatively homologous. Gaps may be introduced to optimally align the sequences.


Acid Mine Drainage.


Application Programming Interface.

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