Glossary infobadge

This glossary contains a number of definitions  from the following publication:
J. M. Cock; Tessmar-Raible, K.; Boyen, C.; Viard, F. (Eds.), Introduction to Marine Genomics, vol. 1, 1st ed., Advances in Marine Genomics Vol. (Springer, 2010). Available from: http://www.springer.com/life+sciences/ecology/book/978-90-481-8616-7?cm_mmc=Google-_-Book%20Search-_-Springer-_-0

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Term Definition

Community Cyberinfraestructure for advanced marine Microbial Ecology Research and Analysis.


The term “clone” can refer to a bacterium carrying a piece of cloned DNA, or to the cloned DNA itself.


EST sequences are clustered according to their sequence, so that they can be assembled afterwards. The set of all Clusters form a Cluster set.


The COG (Cluster of Orthologous Groups of proteins) database consists of 138.458 proteins, which form 4873 COGs and comprise 75% of the 185,505 (predicted) proteins encoded in the 66 genomes of unicellular organisms that were used for the database. The eukaryotic orthologous groups (KOGS) include proteins from 7 eukaryotic genomes.


Fish in a stock born in the same year.


The term “contig” comes from a shortening of the word “contiguous". It can be used to refer to the final product of a shotgun sequencing project. When individual lanes of sequence information are assembled to infer the sequence of the larger DNA piece, the product consensus sequence is called a “contig”.

Cryptic species

A cryptic species is a species that is reproductively isolated (or at least genetically distinct) from a second species but which resembles the second species so closely that both have traditionally been considered a single species.

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