Glossary infobadge

This glossary contains a number of definitions  from the following publication:
J. M. Cock; Tessmar-Raible, K.; Boyen, C.; Viard, F. (Eds.), Introduction to Marine Genomics, vol. 1, 1st ed., Advances in Marine Genomics Vol. (Springer, 2010). Available from: http://www.springer.com/life+sciences/ecology/book/978-90-481-8616-7?cm_mmc=Google-_-Book%20Search-_-Springer-_-0

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Term Definition

In the context of computer and information sciences, an ontology defines a set of representational primitives with which to model a domain of knowledge or discourse. The Gene Ontology for example provides a controlled vocabulary to describe gene and gene product attributes in any organism.


Open Reading Frame a series of codons beginning with a start codon and ending with a stop codon, without any internal stop codons.


A differentiated structure within a cell, such as a chloroplast, mitochondrion or vacuole, which performs a specific function.


Orthologous are homologous sequences that have been separated by a speciation event. A gene that exists in a particular species that then diverges into two separate species, will be present in two copies afterwards. These copies are called orthologues and will typically have the same or a similar function.

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